Acinetobacter baumannii is a typically short, almost round, rodshaped coccobacillus gramnegative bacterium. Furthermore, once a specific course of treatment is prescribed for a. Acinetobacter baumannii infection discharge care what you. Treatment of acinetobacter infections clinical infectious diseases. Acinetobacter baumannii is commonly found in soil and water and can live on the skin of healthy people without causing problems. Acinetobacter baumannii has proven to be an increasingly important and demanding species in health care associated infections. The recent increase in incidence, largely associated with infected combat troops returning from conflict zones, coupled with a dramatic increase in the incidence of multidrugresistant mdr strains, has significantly raised the profile of this emerging opportunistic pathogen. Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the escape organisms, a group of clinically important, predominantly health careassociated organisms that. Acinetobacter baumannii, previously named acinetobacter calcoaceticus, is an opportunistic pathogen found in soil and water. Antimicrobial agents for the treatment of acinetobacter infections. Acinetobacter baumannii an update linkedin slideshare. Drugresistant acinetobacter healthcare setting fact sheet. While other species of the genus acinetobacter are often found in. Carbapenems still represent the treatment of choice, even if increasing carbapenemresistant acinetobacter isolates are reported worldwide.
Acinetobacter baumannii an overview sciencedirect topics. Under the microscope, it looks halfway between a rod and a ball. Baumannii, the pathogen has a great capacity for acquiring. Treatment options for carbapenemresistant and extensively drug. Pdf characterization of acinetobacter baumannii from. Optimal therapy for multidrugresistant acinetobacter. A microbiology laboratory must run tests to determine which antibiotics will treat the infection. Acinetobacter baumannii can get into your lungs through your mouth or nose. While whole genome sequence data from several epidemic and. Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen operating in hospitals creating serious infections such as pneumonia. Drug treatment for multidrugresistant acinetobacter. Betalactam antibiotics are the preferred antibacterial choices for susceptible a baumannii infections. However, once it gets inside the body, especially in people with.
For survival benefit, sul appears to be the best treatment followed by. This study aims to compare various antimicrobial strategies and to determine the most effective therapy for pneumonia using a network metaanalysis. Iwen, phd, associate director, nphl acinetobacter baumannii is considered the most common oxidasenegative nonfermenting gramnegative rod encounter in the clinical laboratory 1. Antimicrobial susceptibility of acinetobacter baumannii. This article is intended for infectious disease specialists, intensivists, public health specialists, and other specialists who care for patients with acinetobacter baumannii infection the goal of this activity is to provide medical news to primary care clinicians and other healthcare professionals in order to enhance patient care.
Among these cases, 60 belonged to abvap, for whom antimicrobial treatment plan was centralized and clinical data was complete. Efficacy of sulbactam for the treatment of acinetobacter. Acinetobacter baumannii has the largest clinical significance among acinetobacter species. Optimal therapy for multidrugresistant acinetobacter baumannii. Acinetobacter has acquired resistance to virtually all antibiotics capable of treating this type of infection, including a. Due to the prevalence of infections and outbreaks caused by multidrug resistant a. The management of peritonitis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis is discussed separately. Acinetobacter baumannii is a gramnegative bacillus that is aerobic, pleomorphic and nonmotile. Treatment of multidrug resistant acinetobacter baumannii meningitis with ampicillinsulbactam. Describe antibiotic treatment of acinetobacter baumannii infection. Acinetobacter baumannii is an emerging, nosocomial pathogen that is poorly characterized due to a paucity of genetic tools and methods. Metaanalyses that ignore the full programme of clinical trials may lead to a misleading interpretation. Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic bacterial pathogen primarily associated with hospitalacquired infections.
Mic, pcrs, and outer membrane protein omp analysis. We did a comprehensive metaanalysis to explore the efficacy of sulbactam for the treatment of acinetobacter baumannii complex infection. While there are many types or species of acinetobacter, and all can cause human disease, acinetobacter baumannii boemaaneeie accounts for about 80% of reported infections. When it does occur, infants younger than 2 months of age are typically affected and the majority of cases are caused by staphylococcus aureus. Acinetobacter baumannii can cause serious infections in the lungs, blood, and brain. Because of increasing resistance, carbapenems have become an increasingly critical therapeutic option for. Decisions on treatment of infections with acinetobacter should be made on a casebycase basis by a healthcare provider. To overcome this problem, knowledge of the pathogenesis. An optimal therapy for the treatment of pneumonia caused by drugresistant acinetobacter baumannii remains unclear.
Nov 27, 2018 acinetobacter baumannii is a pleomorphic aerobic gramnegative bacillus similar in appearance to haemophilus influenzae on gram stain commonly isolated from the hospital environment and hospitalized patients. Jul, 20 acinetobacter baumannii is a bacterium in the acinetobacter genus which can be dangerous for human beings who have compromised immune systems, causing opportunistic infections which can lead to death if the patient does not receive aggressive treatment. Antimicrobials for the treatment of drugresistant acinetobacter. In the clinical pictures is the nosocomial pneumonia in the foreground, which is preferably observed in ventilated patients in the intensive care area. Acinetobacter baumannii is a bacterium that can cause a range of diseases. Clinical data, treatment, and patient mortality were evaluated. Acinetobacter baumannii infections in iraq war since operation iraqi freedom began in 2003, more than 700 us soldiers have been infected or colonized with acinetobacter baumannii. Antibioticresistant acinetobacter baumannii infections, one of the most common hospitalacquired infections in children across the united states, are on the rise, according to results of a recent. It may also cause urinary tract and wound infections. It can be an opportunistic pathogen in humans, affecting people with compromised immune systems, and is becoming increasingly important as a hospitalderived infection. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy. This germ may be found on skin or in food, water, or soil.
Evaluation of parameters for high efficiency transformation. Multidrugresistant acinetobacter baumannii is a rapidly emerging pathogen in the health care setting, where it causes infections that include bacteremia, pneumonia, meningitis, urinary tract infection, and wound infection. We present the first reported case of neonatal mastitis caused by acinetobacter baumannii, an unusual organism for this type of infection. Multidrugresistant acinetobacter baumannii is recognized to be among the most difficult antimicrobialresistant gramnegative bacilli to control. Antimicrobial susceptibility of acinetobacter baumannii isolated from hospital patients wanutsanun tunyapanit a. Nov 24, 2015 multidrug resistant among acinetobacter baumannii infection is associated with a high mortality rate and limits the therapeutic options. Acinetobacter baumannii wikipedia, a enciclopedia livre. Jane buckle phd, rn, in clinical aromatherapy third edition, 2015. In a metaanalysis of six studies 359 patients evaluating treatment of ventilatorassociated pneumonia due mainly to a. Acinetobacter species are oxidasenegative, exhibit twitching motility, and occur in pairs under magnification they are important soil organisms, where they contribute to the mineralization of, for example, aromatic compounds.
Though less common, some evidence also links this bacterium to meningitis, most often following invasive surgery, and, in very rare cases, to communityacquired primary meningitis wherein the majority of the victims were children. Acinetobacter baumannii is the species that causes approximately 80% of reported acinetobacter infections in humans. Pathogenesis in acinetobacter baumannii by marguerite indriati hood dissertation submitted to the faculty of the graduate school of vanderbilt university in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy in microbiology and. Acinetobacter baumannii remains an important and difficulttotreat pathogen whose resistance patterns result in significant challenges for the clinician. One of the first acientobacter found in soil was discovered in 1911 by m. Pathogenesis, antibiotic resistance mechanisms, and prospective treatment options article pdf available in frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology 7. Acinetobacter baumannii infection what you need to know.
Lastly, novel prospective treatment options for infections caused by multidrug resistant a. Treatment of acinetobacter sinusitis consists of nasal tube removal and sinus drainage and lavage. Isolation and identification of acinetobacter baumannii. Jul 07, 2017 acinetobacter baumannii an update by dr. Acinetobacter baumannii update linkedin slideshare. Systematic search and quality assessment were performed to select eligible studies reporting one of the following outcomes. It typically infects people inside a healthcare facility doctors refer to these as nosocomial infections. Acinetobacter species are innately resistant to many commonly prescribed antibiotics. You may not know that you have an acinetobacter infection until you get sick with one of the following. Treatment of acinetobacter infections oxford academic. A significant number of additional cases have been found in the canadian and british. This organism is widely distributed in nature and in. Acinetobacter baumannii is undoubtedly one of the most successful pathogens responsible for hospitalacquired nosocomial infections in the modern healthcare system. Acinetobacter baumannii infection discharge care what.